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歷代屬靈偉人簡介:Augustine, St. of Hippo 聖奧古斯丁

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歷代屬靈偉人簡介
聖奧古斯丁(Augustine, St. of Hippo,AD354-430

是古代教父中最重要的人物,他的神學思想觀深刻影響了他的時代,他的思想貫通神學和哲學,奠定了中古神學和現代神學的基礎。奧古斯丁的時代,異端盛行,他努力著書辯解,最出名有《懺悔錄》(Confessions),屬奧古斯丁自傳。還有《上帝之城》(City of God),在於回應羅馬被陷,人們對基督教失去信心,繼而攻擊基督教的信仰,奧古斯丁遂著書反駁,並謂「羅馬雖亡,而基督教卻不亡」。奧古斯丁從人的精神中的「有」、「知」、「志」三個屬性來比喻三位一體,後世雖有神學家嘗試提出更好的比喻, 但普遍認為奧古斯丁的比喻是對三位一體教義最極限解釋。今天我們仍受惠於奧古斯丁的神學和信仰精神。

(資料來源:Encyclopedia Britannica Online、《英漢神學名詞詞典新增訂版,基督教改革宗翻譯社,趙中輝編著,2001)